The upper body sways forward and backward and the hips and shoulders twirl erotically, while the arms thrust in, out, up and down with the pistonlike motions of baffled bird keepers fighting off a flock of attack blue jays. The use of the name "twist" for dancing goes back to the nineteenth century.
According to Marshall and Jean Stearns in Jazz Dance , a pelvic dance motion called the twist came to America from the Congo during slavery. One of the early black dance crazes of the early twentieth century was the " Mess Around ", described by songwriter Perry Bradford in his hit "Messin' Around" as: "Now anybody can learn the knack, put your hands on your hips and bend your back; stand in one spot nice and tight, and twist around, twist around with all of your might".
But the twist at this point was basically grinding the hips. Blues singer Bo Carter recorded "Twist It Babe" in , the reference in the lyrics apparently being a metaphor for sex. In the song "Let the Boogie Woogie Roll", Clyde McPhatter and the Drifters sang, "When she looked at me her eyes just shined like gold, and when she did the twist she bopped me to my soul".
But the simple dance that we now know as the Twist originates in the late fifties among teenagers, and was popularized by Chubby Checker in his preparation to debut the song to a national audience on August 6, , on The Dick Clark Show , a Saturday night program that, unlike disc jockey Clark's daytime American Bandstand , was a stage show with a sitting audience.
Dick Clark was a powerhouse in music at the time, thanks to American Bandstand , which ran five times a week in the afternoons, showcasing local dancers and visiting performers who lip-synched along with their recordings. Clark saw the song's potential when he heard Hank Ballard's original version, but Ballard and his group, whose greatest hit had been "Work With Me Annie" in , was considered too raunchy to appeal to Clark's teenage audience.
Released in summer , Checker's rendition of "The Twist" became number one on the singles chart in the United States in and then again in In , at the height of the craze, patrons at New York 's Peppermint Lounge on West 45th Street were twisting to the house band, a local group from Jersey, Joey Dee and the Starliters. He recorded several Twist tracks, including "The Twister", "Bo's Twist", and "Mama Don't Allow No Twistin'", which referenced the objections many parents had to the pelvic motions of the dance.
Haley, in interviews, credited Checker and Ballard. Several television shows parodied the dance in the early s. Politicians, ministers, older songwriters and musicians foamed at the mouth. Frank Sinatra reportedly called Elvis Presley a "rancid-smelling aphrodisiac. Clark was therefore considered to have a negative influence on youth, and was well aware of that impression held by most adults:.
I was roundly criticized for being in and around rock and roll music at its inception. It was the devil's music, it would make your teeth fall out and your hair turn blue, whatever the hell. You get through that. In , many of the groups he introduced appeared at the 50th anniversary special to celebrate American Bandstand. The man was big. He was the biggest thing in America at that time. He was bigger than the president! As a result of Clark's work on Bandstand , journalist Ann Oldenburg states "he deserves credit for doing something bigger than just putting on a show.
Clark, however, simplified his contribution:. I played records, the kids danced, and America watched. Shortly after taking over, Clark also ended the show's all-white policy by featuring black artists such as Chuck Berry.
In time, blacks and whites performed on the same stage, and studio seating was desegregated. The reason for Clark's impact on popular culture was partly explained by Paul Anka , a singer who appeared on the show early in his career: "This was a time when there was no youth culture — he created it.
And the impact of the show on people was enormous. My talent is bringing out the best in other talent, organizing people to showcase them and being able to survive the ordeal. I hope someday that somebody will say that in the beginning stages of the birth of the music of the fifties, though I didn't contribute in terms of creativity, I helped keep it alive. In , the United States Senate investigated payola , the practice of music-producing companies paying broadcasting companies to favor their product.
As a result, Clark's personal investments in music publishing and recording companies were considered a conflict of interest, and he sold his shares in those companies. When asked about some of the causes for the hearings, Clark speculated about some of the contributing factors not mentioned by the press:.
It hit a responsive chord with the electorate, the older people. It could've been nipped in the bud, because they could've stopped it from being on television and radio.
Beginning in late , Clark branched out into hosting game shows, presiding over The Object Is. Clark took over as host, replacing Ed McMahon. Over the coming years, the top prize changed several times and with it the name of the show , and several primetime spinoffs were created. As the program moved back to CBS in September , Clark continued to host the daytime version through most of its history, winning three Emmy Awards for best game show host.
Clark subsequently returned to Pyramid as a guest in later incarnations. During the premiere of the John Davidson version in , Clark sent a pre-recorded message wishing Davidson well in hosting the show. In , Clark played as a celebrity guest for three days on the Donny Osmond version. Entertainment Weekly credited Clark's "quietly commanding presence" as a major factor in the game show's success.
Clark hosted the syndicated television game show The Challengers , during its only season — The Challengers was a co-production between the production companies of Dick Clark and Ron Greenberg. Hilton was later replaced by original host Monty Hall. Clark aimed to challenge the dominance of Guy Lombardo 's New Year's specials on CBS , as he believed its big band music skewed too old. Following Lombardo's death in , Rockin' Eve experienced a surge in popularity and later became the most watched annual New Year's Eve broadcast.
Following his stroke which prevented him from appearing at all on the —05 edition ,  Clark returned to make brief appearances on the —06 edition, while ceding the majority of hosting duties to Ryan Seacrest.
Reaction to Clark's appearance was mixed. While some TV critics including Tom Shales of The Washington Post , in an interview with the CBS Radio Network felt that he was not in good enough shape to do the broadcast, stroke survivors and many of Clark's fans praised him for being a role model for people dealing with post-stroke recovery.
Clark's first love was radio, and in he began hosting a radio program called The Dick Clark Radio Show. It was produced by Mars Broadcasting of Stamford. Despite Clark's enormous popularity on American Bandstand , the show was only picked up by a few dozen stations and lasted less than a year. That company later merged with the Transtar Network to become Unistar, and took over the countdown program Countdown America.
The program ran until , when Unistar was sold to Westwood One Radio. Music Survey , produced by Jim Zoller. Clark served as its host until his stroke. Dick Clark's longest running radio show began on February 14, The first year, it was hosted by veteran Los Angeles disc jockey Gene Weed. Then in , voiceover talent Mark Elliot co-hosted with Clark. By , Clark hosted the entire show. Pam Miller wrote the program and Frank Furino served as producer.
Each week, Clark profiled a different artist from the rock and roll era and counted down the top four songs that week from a certain year in the s, s or early s. The show ended production when Clark suffered his stroke. However, reruns from the — era continue to air in syndication and on Clark's website, dickclarkonline. It featured the rock and roll stars of the day lip-synching their hits, just as on American Bandstand.
However, unlike the afternoon Bandstand program, which focused on the dance floor with the teenage audience demonstrating the latest dance steps, the audience of The Dick Clark Show sat in a traditional theater setting. Despite his enormous popularity on American Bandstand, the show was only picked up by a few dozen stations and lasted less than a year.
The show proved to be ahead of its time, becoming one of the earliest attempts at radio syndication. The program counted down the Top 30 contemporary hits of the week in direct competition with American Top He served as its host until his stroke. Each week, Clark would profile a different artist from the Rock and Roll era. He would also count down the top four songs that week from a certain year in the s, s or early s. The show ended production when Clark suffered his stroke.
After the ball drops, the focus of the program switches to musical segments taped prior to the show in Hollywood, California. The special is live in the Eastern Time Zone, and it is delayed for the other time zones so that they can ring in the New Year with Clark when clock strikes midnight in their area.
In the more than three decades it has been on the air, the show has become a tradition in U. His daytime versions of Pyramid won nine Emmy Awards for best game show, a mark that is eclipsed only by the twelve won by the syndicated version of Jeopardy!. It also won Clark three Emmy Awards for best game show host. Clark would return to Pyramid as a guest in later incarnations. During the premiere of the John Davidson version in , Clark sent a pre-recorded message wishing Davidson well in hosting the show.
In , Clark played as a celebrity guest for three days on the Donny Osmond version. In , he created the American Music Awards show, which he produced annually. Intended as competition for the Grammy Awards, in some years it gained a bigger audience than the Grammys due to being more in touch with popular trends. Clark attempted to branch into the realm of soul music with the series Soul Unlimited in The series lasted for only a few episodes. Despite a feud between Clark and Soul Train creator and host Don Cornelius, the two would later collaborate on several specials featuring African-American artists.
In and , he hosted the syndicated television game show The Challengers, which only lasted for one season. Barris had worked at ABC as a standards-and-practices executive during "American Bandstand's" run on that network. In the Dharma and Greg episode "Mission: Implausible," Greg is the victim of a college prank, and devises an elaborate plan to retaliate, part of which involves his use of a disguise kit; the first disguise chosen is that of Dick Clark.
During a fantasy sequence that portrays the unfolding of the plan, the real Clark plays Greg wearing his disguise. In one episode he plays himself at a Philadelphia diner, and in the other he helps Will Smith 's character host bloopers from past episodes of that sitcom. On December 8 of that year, the then year-old was hospitalized in Los Angeles after suffering what was initially termed a minor stroke.
Clark's spokeswoman, Amy Streibel, said that he was hospitalized but was expected to be fine. However, on December 13, , it was announced that Clark would be unable to host his annual New Year's Rockin' Eve broadcast that had aired for all but one year since in , New Year's Rockin' Eve was preempted with the Peter Jennings -hosted [ 13 ] ABC Today though Clark did perform his traditional countdown. Having not been seen in public anywhere since his stroke, on August 15, , Clark announced in a statement that he would be back in Times Square for the annual tradition, bringing on Hilary Duff and Ryan Seacrest as co-hosts, in addition to the latter being co-executive producer.
Also in the press release, it was announced that Seacrest would eventually take over as the sole host should Clark decide to retire, or be unable to continue. During the program, Clark remained behind a desk and was shown only in limited segments.
Though Clark had noticeable difficulty speaking, he was able to perform his famous countdown to the new year. On air, he stated, "Last year I had a stroke. It left me in bad shape. I had to teach myself how to walk and talk again. It's been a long, hard fight. My speech is not perfect but I'm getting there. Reaction to Clark's appearance was mixed, reported CNN. While some TV critics including Tom Shales of The Washington Post , in an interview with the CBS Radio Network felt he was not in good enough shape to do the broadcast, stroke survivors and many of Clark's fans praised him for being a role model for people dealing with post-stroke recovery.
He was introduced by Simon Cowell after the show paid tribute to his successful career that has spanned decades. He was shown seated behind a lectern, and although his speech was still slurred, he was able to address the audience and introduce Barry Manilow 's performance. For the and ABC New Year's Eves, Clark still exhibited noticeably slurred and somewhat breathless speech, but improved from previous years, in addition to using his arms again. For the countdown show, he spoke with improved verbal expression, as well as improved head and arm dexterity [ citation needed ] , but incorrectly counted down, counting " In previous years following the stroke, Clark had only hosted the countdown and one brief segment.
Clark returned for the New Year's Rockin' Eve and executed a perfect countdown from 25 seconds down to 1. It was a tribute to his 40 years hosting American Bandstand.
In October , since nearby residents complained about the outside concerts performed at the new complex, it has been emptied of its contents and the box office closed temporarily. After eighteen months of extensive new renovations it was reopened for indoor concert performances. Clark has been married three times. His first marriage was to Barbara Mallery in ; the couple had one son, Richard, and divorced in He married Loretta Martin in ; the couple had two children, Duane and Cindy, and divorced in Since , Clark has been married to Kari Wigton.
Before his stroke, Clark's perennial youthful appearance, despite his advancing years, was a subject of jokes and commentary in the popular culture , most notably his nickname of "America's Oldest Living Teenager". One of Gary Larson 's The Far Side cartoons has the caption, "Suddenly, on a national talk show in front of millions of viewers, Dick Clark ages years in 30 seconds.
In Episode of Mystery Science Theater , John Carradine - playing a mad scientist in the movie The Unearthly - is trying to get another character to consider eternal life when he says, "Suppose you could wake up every morning and see your face untouched by time. In the Police Squad! In The Simpsons Y2K episode, at midnight a computer glitch causes Dick Clark to melt and he is revealed to be a robot.
Carlton jokingly says "How come I got older and you stayed the same age. In a stand up comedy routine Bill Hicks references Clark as the Anti-Christ pointing to his youthful non-ageing as evidence [ 18 ]. Wikimedia Foundation.
Contents 1 Early life, education and Stoned In Love (Radio Edit) - Chicane - Stoned In Love career 2 Career I Fall In Love Too Easily - Albert Bover Trio - Esmuc Blues. Kari Wigton m. Artists appearing on Bandstand are listed by date, and in Seven Days & One Week (Radio Version) - Various - 100% Dream - Music For Your Mind Vol. 7 cases, with the song each performed. One of Gary Larson 's The Far Side cartoons has the caption, "Suddenly, on Open Arms - Various - The Dick Clark National Music Survey national talk show in front of millions of viewers, Dick Clark ages years in 30 seconds. Carlton jokingly says "How come I got older and you stayed the same age. December 28, Bob Dylan …On the Beatles. After the ball drops, the focus of the program switches to musical segments taped prior to the show in Hollywood, California.
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